Song Book List of Swine Terminologies You Need to Know

Swine terminologies you need to know modified like your song book list!

I love singing.

Don’t you?!

Karaoke or Videoke is one of the favorite part of every occasion for us Filipinos right?

For most I guess!

From Frank Sinatra’s My way, who never left  because his music was always played and sang with total projection and emotion given by the one who sings it.

To new generation music which is added, to cater those who were born same like mine!

Ehhmm…

Collected and gathered into one book so that you could search your favorite song, your music.

From

Love song

Ballad

Reggae

Hip hop

Metal

Foreign songs

Opm

Ilokano

Visaya

Name it!

All of these are found in the karaoke and the battle of grabbing the songbook to play your music is always a fight up to the end.

And like the song book,

Pig terminologies are also compiled,  in some areas it maybe called differently but the meanings are the same.

Here in the Philippines though some may prefer the standard way of describing it, we also adopted to our own native tongue to describe a certain definition of a term.

But whatever they may call it, as long as the meaning is the same, you can go and use it!

So here’s your own song book list of swine terminologies you need to know.

And don’t worry you don’t have to fight for this song book because it is available for all of you all the time!

 

 Eock and roll y-ggip

Photo Credit: RosieTulips

Song Book list of Swine Terminologies

A

Ad Libitum
Refers to feeding without limit.

ADG
Average daily gain, the average amount of weight a pig gains in a day. The higher the ADG the better.
Formula:
ADG=finish weight- start weight÷ age (days)

Anthelmintic
A drug treatment used to expel parasitic worms. (PAMPURGA)

Artificial insemination
The process of breeding a sow by using semen extracted from a boar instead of natural mating.

B

Backyard Piggery
Refers to the raising of less than 20 sow. They are usually dependent on commercial  feeds.

Backing Board
Refers to a board used in herding pigs made from plastic and plywood, between 30 and 40 inches high and have hand holes cut in them. Pig boards are used to guide pigs when they are being moved.

Barrow
The male pig castrated before reaching sexual maturity.

Boar
The male breeding pig which is at least 8 months old. (BULUGAN)

C

Canvass Slapper
Refers to the equipment used in herding pigs that create slapping sounds.

Carcass
Body of a pig after it has been dressed out (butchered)

Castration
Removal of the testicles.(CAPON)ouch!

Colostrum
First milk produced by the sow, it provides immunity to the baby pigs for the first few weeks.

Commercial Piggery
Refers to farm raising more than 20 sows.

Conception
Condition of the pig confirmed pregnant.

Creep Feed/Creep Feeding
Food especially formulated for piglets.

Creep feeder
A specially designed plate for baby pigs to prevent wasting feed.

Cross Breeding
A method used to maximize the quality traits of different breeds into a faster growing market hog.

Culling
Selling poor performing animals (sow that are not giving enough piglets or pigs with poor growth, and old sows/boars)

D

Dam
The sow or the mother of the baby pig

Dry Sow
Pregnant sow

E

Ear Notching
Refers to the identification of pigs which is done through cutting a portion of their ear.

Electrolytes
Are mineral salts that get absorbed into the body to repair problems associated with dehydration, diarrhea, and fever.

Embryo
This is a piglet in the very early stages of growth in the sow’s uterus.

Estrous cyle
Normally having a 21 day heat cycle.

Estrus
The period in heat( gilt/sow ready for mating)

Euthanasia
Humane destruction of animal accomplished by a method that produces rapid unconsciousness and subsequent death without evidence of pain and distress.

F

Farrow
To give birth to piglets.

Farrow to Finish
A type of hog raising that produce piglets and sell them up to finish weight (90-100 kg)

Farrowing
The act of giving birth of sows.

Farrowing crate/stall
An enclosed crate for the pregnant pig being ready for delivery. Usually made of formed g.i tubes (tubo).

Farrowing index/farrowing sow index/farrowings/sow/year
Average times the sow have to give birth in a year.
Formula: 365 (days/1 year) x Farrowing interval
e.g. 365 x 149= 2.4

Farrowing Interval
The number of days after the sow is ready to make babies again
Formula: Gestation period(length of pregnancy) + # of weaning days + # of days weaning to first service (breeding/mating/A.I)
e.g. 114+30+5 = 149 days

Feed conversion Ratio
Calculated feed intake (wt units)÷ average daily gain

Feed Efficiency
The amount of feed needed for a pig to gain one pound of weight.

Feeder Pig
Piglets, 6 – 10 weeks old.

Finish Hog
A pig that has been raised to market weight and is ready for market.

Flush feed
Type of feeding used to stimulate ovulation in females.

Fostering
A practice that is done by helping weak piglets to get their nutritious milk.

F1
Is the first offspring from the crossbreeding of two pure-bred pigs from different breeds.

G

Gestation/Gestating
Pregnancy of pig/Pregnant pig.

Gestating Crate/stall
An enclosed crate used to house pregnant pig for more than 3 months and then transferred to farrowing crate 7 days before delivery.

Gilt
Young virgin female pigs that have not yet produced babies. (DUMALAGA)

Grower Pig
A pig weighing 70 kg above before reaching finishing stage.

H

Herd
Group of animals in our case group of pig.

Herd size
The population of your pig farm.

Husbandry
Management in taking care of animals.

I

J

K

L

Lactation/Lactating
The ability of the pig to produce and give milk.

Libido
When a sow is ready for breeding she will show sexual interest.

Litter
Baby pig.

Loading Ramp
The walkway from pen to trucks and vice versa.

M

Morbidity
Rate frequency (%) of disease appears on your pig farm.

Mortality
Rate number of deaths (%) on your pig farm.

Mummy
A piglet that is born dead that hasn’t fully developed.

N

Needle/Milk Teeth
Refers to the temporary or insidious teeth.

O

Oestrus
See estrus.

Overlaying
When a sow crushes and kills her piglets by laying on them.

Oxytocin
Drug used to cause uterine contractions in sows and/or stimulate milk production by the sow.

P

Pathogen
A disease causing agent most commonly known as infectious organisms.

Parity
The number of baby pigs produced by the sow including present pregnancy.

Q

R

S

Sow
The female adult pig that has farrowed.(INAHIN)

Stocking Density
Refers to the rate or number of animals per given area.

Swine
Pig

T

Tail Docking
Refers to the cutting of a portion of the tail.

Tail/Ear Biting
Refers to the vice of animals consisting of biting the ears/tails of other animals, due to mineral deficiency/overcrowding, etc.

Tethering 
Refers to the confining of animals in certain area by roping.

U

V

Vaccination
The act of administering biologicals for the purpose of eliciting immune response.

W

Weaning
Refers to the separation of the baby pigs from the mother.

Weanling
The baby pig that was separated from the mother.

X

Y

Z

First Things First

This songbook of swine terminologies will help you with basic terms and definitions.

And the fact that your are studying first  before you invest is a good way in protecting your hard earned money. Resources are made available to us with the use of Internet, but before you start make sure you  are well familiarized with this swine or pig terminologies in pig farming.

Pig farming is a good way to make money and the success of a pig farm depends on the knowledge you acquire and also with good management and husbandry you would impose in your future farm.

This list may be too much to remember, but you don’t have to. You could go back and read it over and over again.

Next Step

swine-terminologies
Photo Credit: Ian Burt

Now that you already know the basic terminologies most pig farmers are using, you are now one step ahead in the pig farm you always been dreaming of.

Inform and keep updating yourself with information on new ways and strategies of making your pig farm more successful and profitable.

Some definitions are described by my own words,because I really wanted it to be more understandable in the easiest way possible and may vary with the other sources but as long as the idea is there you don’t have to worry too much.

This songbook is yours. You could sing any song you want as long as you know what the number is so that you could play it in the karaoke/videoke. Just like in Pig farming you will understand the information that are being fed to you if you are familiar with these swine terminologies.

If you have any terminologies you are using and definitions that can be added to this list feel free to share it here in the comment feeding section below so we could add it to our song book.

Happy farming Agrivengers!

 

Sources:

Little pig farm.com

Wikipedia

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